Everyone welcome at Bible study .
Current theme of Bible study as listed below .
Jesus reveals himself as God -"I AM"-
in the Gospel of John.
1. Background: The Source of the Name, "I AM"
Exodus chapter 3
vs 1 Now Moses was tending the flock of his father-in-law Jethro, the priest of Midian. And he led the flock to the back of the desert, and came to Horeb, the mountain of God.
vs 2 And the Angel of the LORD [Hebrew: Angel, or Messenger, of Yahweh] appeared to him in a flame of fire from the midst of a bush. So he looked, and behold, the bush was burning with fire and was not consumed.
vs 4 So when the LORD [Hebrew: Yahweh]saw that he turned aside to look, God [Hebrew: Elohim] called to him from the midst of the bush and said, "Moses, Moses!"
vs 6 "I AM the God of your fathers - the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob."
vs 10 Come now, therefore, and I will send you to Pharoah that you may bring my people, the children of Israel, out of Egypt."
vs 13 Then Moses said to God, "When I come to the children of Israel and say to them, "The God of your fathers has sent Me to you," and they say to me, "What is his name?' what shall he say to them?"
And God said to Moses, "I AM WHO I AM. Thus you shall say to the children of Israel, "I AM has sent me to you." Moreover God said to Moses, "Thus you shall say to the children of Israel: 'The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you. This is my name forever, and this is my memorial to all generations.' "
In Exodus 3:2, the Angel of the LORD speaks to Moses.
In Exodus 3:4, the Angel is called both Yahweh and Elohim.
The conclusion is that the Angel of the LORD is the pre-incarnate Jesus who appeared to Moses.
Many Bible commentators conclude from this passage (and many other Old Testament passages) that the Angel of the Lord is the Lord Jesus Christ in his "pre-incarnate" state (that means, "before Jesus took on flesh").
John Gill, one of many expositors of the Bible, stated it this way:
"And the Angel of the Lord appeared unto him,.... Not a created angel, but the Angel of God's presence and covenant, the eternal Word and Son of God; since he is afterwards expressly called Jehovah [Yahweh], and calls himself the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, which a created angel would never do."
-Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible, Exodus 3
2. Jesus reveals himself as "I AM" in the Gospel of John
The Greek for "I AM" is "Ego Eimi". This term is used in each of the passages below. By using this term, "Ego Eimi", Jesus reveals to his disciples that he is God.
Late at night, Jesus' disciples were rowing across Lake Galilee while Jesus prayed on a mountainside alone. A strong wind came up. Then they saw Jesus walking towards them on the water and they panicked. Jesus said to them, "I AM. Do not fear."
[Jesus] said to them, "You are from beneath; I am from above. You are of this world; I am not of this world. Therefore I say to you that you will die in your sins; for if you do not believe that I AM, you will die in your sins."
John 6:35, 41, 48, 51 I AM the bread of life.
8:12 I AM the light of the world.
8:24 I AM.
8:58 Before Abraham came into being, I AM.
10:7, 9 I AM the door of the sheep.
10:14 I AM the good shepherd
11:25 I AM the resurrection and the life.
14:6 I AM the way, the truth, and the life.
15:1 I AM the true vine.
John 18: The betrayal of Jesus
vs 4 Jesus ... said to them, "Whom are you seeking?"
vs 5 They answered him, "Jesus of Nazareth."
Jesus said to them, "I AM." And Judas, who betrayed him, also stood with them.
vs 6 Now when he said to them, "I AM," they drew back and fell on the ground.
vs 7 Then Jesus asked them again, "Whom are you seeking?" And they said, Jesus of Nazareth."
vs 8 Jesus answered, "I have told you that I AM."